literally meaning "The Garden of Heaven"

Director's Desk

Nandankanan Biological Park enjoys a special place in our country for its inimitable amalgamation of in-situ and ex-situ conservation initiatives. The Zoological Park Established on 29th December 1960 as the first zoological park of the State. It has spearheaded many significant improvements to provide highest standards of housing, husbandry and health care to the captive wild animals and contributed towards enriching our knowledge on the biology of endangered species. The sprawling zoo houses 158 species of amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. The natural forest areas of Nandankanan is home to a rich assemblage of free-living wild animals including 13 species of mammals, 15 species of reptiles, 179 species of birds, 20 species of amphibians, 96 species of butterflies and 51 species of spiders.

The State Botanical Garden which spreads over an area of 75 ha adjoining the Zoological Park was handed over to Nandankanan Management in August, 2006. This is one of the most important plant conservation facilities in the State. More than 750 species of plants have been documented in the State Botanical Garden.

There are two important wetlands present in Nandankanan namely Kanjia lake (66 ha) and Kiakani lake (25 ha). The former is the main water source for Nandankanan Zoological Park and State Botanical Garden. It support rich diversity of flora and fauna & is a veritable lab for wetland education. Therefore, it has been listed as a Wetlands of National importance by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, Government of India in the year 2006. The Zoological Park together with the Kanjia lake and the Botanical Garden has been declared as Nandankanan Wildlife Sanctuary over an area of 4.37 sq.km on 3rd August, 1979.

We have completed another outstanding year of biodiversity conservation, zoo management, research & education. Nandankanan has been very popular, as always, among the tourist & local habitants and attracted about 2.6 million visitors during the year 2019-20. Significant improvements were achieved in the infrastructure development, animal collection, care of rescued and infant animals, health care, fodder production and conservation research. Many zoo education and outreach activities including Celebration of World Wetlands Day, World Pangolin Day, World Wildlife Day, World Environment Day, International Tiger Day, International Vulture Awareness Day, Wildlife Week, World Elephant Day, International Tiger Day, Foundation Day, and World Veterinary Day etc. were organized during the year 2019-20. Many species of wild and exotic animals including Indian tiger, Black tufted marmoset, Mouse deer, Fore-horned antelope, Painted stork, Silver pheasant, Golden pheasant, Nilgiri langur, Sambar, Common mongoose, Indian pangolin Barking deer, Hog deer, Blackbuck, Brow antlered deer, Spotted deer, Hippopotamus, Violet Turaco, Grey pelican, Emu, etc. have bred successfully in the Park during the year.

During the year, many enclosures and visitor amenities were renovated and supplemented with enclosure enrichments, standoff barrier, signage and landscaping where ever necessary. Out of which Indian Grey wolf enclosure Exotic primate enclosure and addition of PCBC cells are newly constructed. Animal keeper sheds, renovation of CCTV cameras at different animal enclosures and visitor’s path, renovation of ticket checking complex, renovation of toilets and sit out spots, are worth mentioning.

During the financial year 2019-20 we have welcomed 26 new animals of 9 species to the Zoo with objective of infusion of new blood line to the existing stock and also addition of new species to the zoo collection. However, we said final adieu to some precious animals of our Zoo, notably the Orangutan- Bini, Tigress- Priyanka, Elephant- Juli, Chandan, Kamala, Gouri, Leopard-Barsa and Suraj, Nilgiri langur and Asiatic lion- Pichhan who were very popular among visitors. These animals are now a part of Nandankanan’s history.

There has been a substantial improvement in the field of health care as reflected in reduced annual death rate during the year 2019-20. This was possible due to sincere efforts by our staff in order to maintain highest standards of health care and animal husbandry practices and close cooperation with college of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Odisha University of Agriculture & Technology, Bhubaneswar and also with the valuable advice and guidance of the Health Committee and Technical Committee on important health care issues.

The Zoological Park has always been an outstanding centre for education and research. 11 publications on different aspects came out during the year in different national and international journals and periodicals and 2 numbers of books on various aspects of ex-situ conservation, health care and management of captive wild animals.

Information on various aspects of management and development of Nandankanan during the year 2019-20 has been provided in the present Annual Report. I would like to thank all my staff and officers for their dedication and hard work for one more successful year in the journey of Nandankanan. I am grateful to all who have helped and contributed in this journey form 1960 till date. I have to confidence to believe that Nandankanan will continue to grow as a world class zoo contributing significantly in the field of wildlife conservation, education and research in coming years.

Shri Shashi Paul, IFS
Director, Nandankanan Biological Park